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Monday, May 4, 2020 | History

1 edition of Single cross hybrid breeding technology in Maize found in the catalog.

Single cross hybrid breeding technology in Maize

Single cross hybrid breeding technology in Maize

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Published by Directorate of Maize Research in New Delhi .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Statementcompiled & edited by J. Kaul ... [et al.].
The Physical Object
Pagination39 p.
Number of Pages39
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25394739M
LC Control Number2012354852

The development of hybrids, first double-cross and later single-cross hybrids, along with a transition to high input farming provided huge yield increases, which have continued to improve with improving technology. Increase in maize production also caused a rise in .


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Single cross hybrid breeding technology in Maize Download PDF EPUB FB2

PDF | On Mar 1,vk yadav and others published single cross hybrid seed production technology in maize | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate. Single cross hybrid – CoH 1, CoH 2. Three way cross hybrids – Ganga -5 3. Double cross hybrids – CoH 3 4.

Double top crop hybrid – White kernel hybrids – Ganga safed 2, Histarch, Ganga 4. Population Improvement: Recurrent selection technique was initiated by Dhawan in The initial.

IN earlyG eorge H arrison S hull, then at the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, published a paper with the unimposing title, “The composition of a field of maize.”This marked the beginning of the exploitation of heterosis in plant breeding, surely one of genetics' greatest triumphs.

It is appropriate, on this 90th anniversary, to look once again at S hull's great contribution and its Cited by: heterosis was moderate, where single cross hybrid C 16 (%, % and %) was among those giving the highest better parent, mid parent and standard heterosis, respectively.

The hybrid maize technology was rapidly adopted by U.S. farmers and generated genetic gains for grain yield at a rate of kg ha −1 year −1. However, emphasis on the exploiting the inbred-hybrid concept detracted from further improvements on open-pollinated cultivars and their cultivar crosses. Maize breeding is the art and science of.

Single cross Single cross hybrid breeding technology in Maize book result from the cross between two true-breeding organisms which produces an F1 hybrid (first filial generation).

The cross between two different homozygous lines produces an F1 hybrid that is heterozygous ; having two alleles, one contributed by each parent and typically one is dominant and the other recessive. History of the US Hybrid Corn Seed Industry Thomas Hoegemeyer, University of Nebraska-Lincoln The history of the US corn seed industry is inseparable from the history of plant genetics and breeding.

It was clear to late 19th and early 20th century scientists that Mendel’s discoveries were of File Size: 2MB.

stability analysis of single-cross hybrids of maize (Zea mays L. by Jean Barbara Cormack A dissertation sxibmitted to the graduate faculty in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Maj or: Plant Breeding Major Professor: Amel R.

Combining ability estimates are important genetic attributes to maize breeders in anticipating improvement via hybridization Single cross hybrid breeding technology in Maize book selection. This study sought single cross maize hybrids (SC) that could be used for the production of double cross maize hybrids (DC) for improved grain yield.

Five commercial SC hybrids were crossed following a complete diallel by: 9. This landmark book deals with heterosis and hybrid seed production of major agronomic crops such as wheat, rice, maize, sorghum, cotton, sunflower, and rapeseed.

Through Heterosis and Hybrid Seed Production in Agronomic Crops, you will discover valuable information on hybrid seed production methods that is not available in any other single volume. A cross-pollinating crop, Single cross hybrid breeding technology in Maize book seed is naturally a hybrid.

Saved hybrid seed is usually highly variable and produces uncertain and often less favourable outcomes. Significant improvements in maize seed breeding were not achieved until the discovery of ‘detasseling,’ by which the male flowers and their pollen are removed, preventing the.

modern maize hybrids. The development of hybrids, first double-cross and later single-cross hybrids, along with a transition to high input farming Single cross hybrid breeding technology in Maize book huge yield increases, which have continued to improve with improving technology.

Increase in maize production also causeda rise in Single cross hybrid breeding technology in Maize book corn Rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera Author: Jon Derek Pruitt.

A single cross, Pyeonganok, is an yellow flint-like maize hybrid (Zea mays L.) developed by the maize breeding team at the National Institute Single cross hybrid breeding technology in Maize book Crop Science (NICS), RDA in This hybrid, which has a high yield of dry matter was produced by crossing two inbred lines, KS and KS KS is the seed parent and KS94 is the pollen parent of by: 1.

The cost of single-cross hybrid seed was greater than that of double-cross hybrid seed, but farmers were willing to pay extra for uniformity and, frequently, for greater yields.

In some instances, seed of superior-performing single crosses was very difficult and costly to produce because of the low yield of the seed parent of the by: Maize (/ m eɪ z / MAYZ; Zea mays subsp. mays, from Spanish: maíz after Taino: mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico ab years ago.

The leafy stalk of the plant produces pollen inflorescences and separate ovuliferous inflorescences called ears that yield kernels or seeds, which are : Tracheophytes.

The objectives of the study were: (i) to determine the effect of genotype x environment interaction (G × E) on grain yield and yield stability of single cross maize hybrids across low N and optimum N environments and (ii) to identify genotypes to recommend for further use in the breeding by: 3.

In molecular biology, a hybrid is the complex formed when two complementary strands of nucleic acids join. In reproductive biology, a hybrid is the offspring produced from a cross between patents of different species or sub-species. Example of an animal hybrid is a mule. The animal is produced by a cross between a horse and a donkey.

ment ofhybrid maize. Darwin, maize and hybrid vigour Charles Darwin did many experiments to test his theory on the origin ofthem involved a comparison ofinbred and cross-pollinated maize. He noted that the progeny of cross-pollinated maize plants were 25% taller than the progeny of self-pol-linated plants and had greater tolerance to.

Kadam DC, Potts SM, Bohn MO et al () Genomic prediction of single crosses in the early stages of a maize hybrid breeding pipeline. G3 Genes Genomes Genet – Google Scholar Kadam DC, Lorenz AJ () Evaluation of nonparametric models for genomic prediction of early-stage single crosses in : D. Kadam, A.

Lorenz. The advantage of growing hybrid seed compared to inbred, open-pollinated lines comes from the ability to cross the genetic materials of two different, but related plants to produce new, desirable traits that can’t be produced through breeding two of the same plants.

For example, many of today’s livestock and companion animals were created. Single cross hybrid 2. Three way cross hybrids - Ganga -5, Trishulatha 3. Double cross hybrids - CoH 3 4. Double top cross hybrid - White kernel hybrids - Ganga safed 2, Histarch, Ganga 4.

DIFFERENT HYBRID VARIETIES OF MAIZE Recurrent selection technique was initiated by Dhawan in Hybrid maize: Maize varieties or cultivars created by crossing two different inbred parental lines (to form a single-cross hybrid) or one inbred line with a single-cross parent (to form a three-way cross hybrid).

Other types of hybrids include double-cross hybrids (formed by crossing two different single-cross parents) and top-cross hybridsFile Size: 2MB.

Your all-in-one guide to corn. This book provides practical advice on planting techniques and rates, seed production, treating plant diseases, insect infestation and weeds, harvesting, processing, and worldwide utilization.

This is the fourth, and final, volume in the series of comprehensive references on the major crops of the world. Covers new biotechnology techniques for plant breeding and 5/5(2). produced hybrid maize crop was in the /49 season when a top-cross hy­ brid was grown.

The first conventional hybrid SRI (a double-cross hybrid) was released for planting in the /50 season. Numerous experiments in various parts of the country demonstrated the superiority of hybrids oyer open-pollinated cultivars, particularly in poor rain­.

The success of F 1 hybrid technology has affected marker data on the parental inbreds of single crosses have become increasingly available in commercial maize breeding programs. If single cross trait data and parental marker data are available, BLUP may be useful for detecting markers with significant general combining ability (GCA) effects.

Handbook of Plant Breeding Arnel R. Hallauer • Marcelo J. Carena • J.B. Miranda Filho Quantitative Genetics in Maize Breeding Public investment in maize breeding from to was $3 billion (Crosbie et al., ) and the return on investment was $ billion as a consequence of applied maize breeding, even without full understanding of the genetic basis of heterosis.

A hybrid is a cross between strains within a single species. In commercial hybrid. maize, these strains are fixed inbred lines. Hybrids are produced and selected because they have desirable characteristics that are greater than those of the individual parents.

The cross between two different inbred. lines produces an F1 hybrid (Figure iii). SINGLE CROSS HYBRID TECHNOLOGY FOR MANAGING ABIOTIC STRESSES IN MAIZE Sain Dass and Ishwar Singh Directorate of Maize Research, Pusa Campus, New Delhi Maize (Zea mays L.) is the most widely cultivated crop of the world being grown in tropics, sub-tropics and temperate regions under irrigated to semi-arid conditions.

Maize is an economically important crop for feed, fiber, fuel, and food. It is used as an ingredient in an endless list of manufactured products that affect the nutrition of the world’s population.

Maize is a cross-pollinated species with unique and separate male (tassel) File Size: 5MB. In about 80 percent of the area covered by maize was under hybrid variety.

By single crosses had become widely accepted in USA. and today only single cross hybrids are grown. In india intensive research for the development of hybrid maize began in ,when the coordinated maize improvement project was initiated in collaboration with. ADVERTISEMENTS: Plant Breeding: Steps and Methods of Plant Breeding for Disease Resistance.

Green Revolution: Traditional farming can only yield limited food for humans and animals. Better management can increase yield but only to a limited extent. But plant breeding as a technology increased yield to a very large extent. In India, “Green Revolution” was responsible [ ].

learn breeding procedures in self and cross pollinated crops history of hybrid varieties important steps in production of single and double cross hybrids – brief idea of hybrids in maize, bajra, sunflower, rice and forage crops Plant breeding can be defined as an art, a science, and technology of improving the.

Maize is one of China's most important grain crops. We analysed data from breeding trials and experimental reports to assess genetic gains in the single‐cross varieties in terms of grain yield and agronomic traits in Northern China, Southwestern China and Yellow–Huai River Valley.

Since the s, the grain yield of single‐cross varieties has increased linearly in all three regions. Optimization of doubled haploid production in maize (Zea mays L.) Adam Edward Vanous Maize breeding lines developed using doubled haploids produced through in vivo Monoploid frequencies in a commercial double cross hybrid maize, and its component single cross hybrids and inbred lines.

Genetics. Chase, S. Selection Cited by: 2. : NEW Patent CD for Hybrid maize plant and seed 37F Other Products: Everything Else. Combining ability for growth parameter and yield components were evaluated in a 7×7 diallel fashion in maize at the research farm of Plant Breeding Division, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI), Joydebpur, Gazipur during Rabi season to determine the general combining ability and specific combining ability of parents and the by: 1.

Guidelines for Testing Maize Cultivars; Mass Screening Techniques for Resistance to Maize Diseases; Maize as Fodder; Maize Biology- An Introduction; Rabi Maize-Opportunities and Challenges; Registered Germplasm of Maize; Single Cross Hybrid Maize-Seed Production Technology (Hindi) Baby corn in India; Baby Corn (Hindi) Maize production system book.

example improvement in hybrid maize yields have relied on increasing yield stability under high populations. In horticultural crops, breeding objectives must be consumer directed because consumers make individual decisions on consumption, and make choices between different cultivars and alternate crop species.

Indeed, many horticul-Cited by:   The heterotic pattern used for maize breeding in the US corn belt, the cradle of hybrid breeding, did not exist initially. The germplasm was not structured into heterotic groups, but with the introduction of single-cross hybrids, available inbred lines were clustered into a female pool and a male pool according to production traits, such as Cited by: Book Detail: Language: English Pages: Author: TNAU Price: Free How to Download PDF Book [Full Guide] Course Outline: Principles of Plant Breeding.

Lec 01 – Aims and objectives of Plant Breeding. Lec 02 – Modes of Reproduction. Lec 03 – Apomixis – classification and significance in plant breeding.

Lec 04 – Modes of Pollination. Lec 05 – Classification of plants. World's Best PowerPoint Templates pdf CrystalGraphics pdf more PowerPoint templates than anyone else in the world, with over 4 million to choose from.

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Jones' double-cross, for instance, performed miserably under Corn Belt conditions. After 15 years of work and a number of inflated claims from Shull and East, nothing of value had come of it, except for a single experiment.

The theoretical explanation of hybrid vigor led .An inbred maize line, designated PH42B, the plants and seeds of inbred maize line Ebook, methods for producing a maize plant produced by crossing the inbred line PH42B with itself or with another maize plant, and hybrid maize seeds and plants produced by crossing the Cited by: